1559 – Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America.
1873 – 10 students attend opening class at Ohio State University.
1900 – Anthracite coal miners go on strike for better wages until October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President William McKinley’s campaign.
1911 – 1st transcontinental airplane flight, New York to Pasadena, California in 82 hours, 4 minutes.
1920 – National Football League is born in Canton, Ohio; 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Professional Football Association; renamed the NFL in 1922
1926 – Hurricane hits Miami and Palm Beach, Florida; about 450 die.
1931 – 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, New York City), venture failed.
1940 – Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sea Lion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain.
1947 – Jackie Robinson is named Major League Baseball’s Rookie of Year by Sporting News.
1956 – New York Yankees clinch pennant #22 on Mickey Mantle’s 50th homer of the year.
1961 – “Car 54, Where Are You?” premieres on television.
1970 – TV variety program “The Flip Wilson Show” debuts on NBC-TV; runs for 4 seasons, winning 2 Emmy Awards.
1977 – Ryder Cup Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes: US wins 12 1/2 to 7 1/2; last time a Great Britain & Ireland team competed for Ryder Cup.
1978 – Anwar Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter sign the Camp David Accords, frameworks for peace in the Middle East and between Egypt and Israel.
1986 – Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice.
1994 – Heather Whitestone (21), Miss Alabama, crowned 68th Miss America 1995.
2007 – AOL, once the largest internet service provider in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York City.
2015 – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reports 2015 Northern Hemisphere summer hottest on record.
2018 – Hurricane Florence caused 900 people to be rescued from flooding, death toll at 23, city of Wilmington, North Carolina isolated officials announce.
2021 – Netflix drama “Squid Game” premieres created by Hwang Dong-hyuk.