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1884 – American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing.

1912 – 1st Mack Sennett “Keystone Comedy” movie released “Cohen Collects a Debt”

1926 – “Upset of the Decade” – Gene Tunney beats defending champion Jack Dempsey by 10-round unanimous decision at Sesquicentennial Stadium (later known as JFK Stadium), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for world heavyweight boxing title.

1937 – New York Yankees lose 9-5, but clinch the American League pennant when Boston Red Sox beat Detroit Tigers.

1944 – Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom.

1949 – President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR’s 1st nuclear device detonation.

1952 – “Kaw-Liga” single recorded by Hank Williams.

1957 – “That’ll Be the Day” single by Buddy Holly and the Crickets reaches #1.

1957 – President Dwight Eisenhower orders US troops to support integration of nine black students at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas.

1962 – ABC’s 1st color TV series “The Jetsons” premieres, created by Hanna-Barbera studio founded by Joseph Barbera, William Hanna and George Sidney.

1969 – 1st broadcast of “Marcus Welby MD” on ABC-TV.

1970 – IBM announces System 370 Model 145, their 1st computer to employ semiconductors for its main memory.

1976 – Televised presidential debate between Republican incumbent Gerald Ford and Democratic challenger Jimmy Carter.

1983 – MLB pitcher Gaylord Perry (45) announces his retirement after 22 seasons. His career record was 314-265, 3.11 ERA, and 3,534 strikeouts.

1998 – 32nd Country Music Association Award: Garth Brooks, Trisha Yearwood & George Strait win.

2004 – At least 1,070 people in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne.

2012 – Scientists discover four genetically distinct types of breast cancer.

2017 – President Donald Trump withdraws invitation to the White House for NBA champion Golden State Warriors after Stephan Curry says he doesn’t want to attend.

2018 – 39-year-old New Orleans Saints quarterback Drew Brees throws 17 yard pass to Michael Thomas to become NFL career pass leader, breaking Brett Favre’s record of 6,300 completions; Saints beat Atlanta Falcons 43-37.

2020 – President Donald Trump refuses to commit to a peaceful transfer of power after the November election at a White House press conference.

2022 – Tennis great Roger Federer plays his final professional match during Laver Cup in London; teams with friend and rival Rafael Nadal but loses 6-4, 6-7 {9-11} to Americans Jack Sock and Frances Tiafoe.

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