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This Day in History for October 23

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1813 – The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom)

1886 – “World Championship” Baseball Series, Sportsman’s Park, St. Louis: St. Louis Browns edge Chicago White Stockings, 4-3 in 10 innings in Game 6 to take series, 4-2.

1910 – Blanche Scott becomes the first woman to fly at a public event in the US at Fort Wayne, Indiana.

1932 – “Fred Allen Show” premieres on radio.

1941 – Walt Disney’s animated film “Dumbo” released.

1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California.  Amongst the victims is composer Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”)

1945 – Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract.

1952 – Charlie Chaplin’s “Limelight”, starring himself and Claire Bloom, with an appearance by Buster Keaton, premieres in New York City: Not released in Los Angeles until 1972, winning Chaplin his only competitive Academy award for original score.

1957 – First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3.

1962 – Adlai Stevenson speaks at the United Nations about the Cuba crisis.

1964 – Future undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Frazier dominates German Hans Huber for an easy points win and the Olympic heavyweight god medal in Tokyo.

1975 – Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica.

1981 – US national debt hits $1 trillion.

1993 – World Series Baseball: Defending champion Toronto Blue Jays beat Philadelphia Phillies, 8-6 in Game 6 at the Skydome, Toronto, MVP: Blue Jays infielder Paul Molitor.

1997 – Dow Jones drops 186.88 points.

2000 – “Monday Night Miracle”, down 30-7 at the end of the third quarter, New York Jets pull together an improbable comeback with 4 touchdowns and a field goal in the fourth quarter, eventually defeating the Miami Dolphins 40-37 in overtime.

2001 – Apple releases the iPod.

2010 – MLB National League Championship: San Francisco Giants beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 2.

2018 – Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejects Saudi claim journalist Jamai Khashoggi was killed accidentally, says it was premeditated murder.

2019 – Google research tab claims it has achieved Quantum Supremacy, performing calculations in 3 minutes that would take a supercomputer 10,000 years.