This Day in History for February 23
1813 – 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts.
1822 – Boston, Massachusetts is incorporated as a city.
1836 – Alamo besieged for 13 days until March 6 by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed.
1886 – Aluminum manufacturing process developed.
1896 – Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield.
1905 – First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago.
1921 – 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco.
1927 – US President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)
1945 – US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture.
1954 – 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1964 – Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A’s in Kansas City.
1971 – US army officer William Calley confesses & implicates Captain Medina during his trial for the My Lai Massacre.
1975 – In response to the energy crises, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
1983 – USFL NJ Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 mil)
1991 – US President George H.W. Bush gives Iraq a 24-hour deadline to withdraw from Kuwait or face a ground war.
1993 – Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against his parents for high fees.
1995 – Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,000.33)
1998 – US Supreme Court lets Megan’s Law (sex offenders information) stand.
2005 – Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, making the first occasion when a sitting American President visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.
2010 – Danielle Steel’s novel “Big Girl” is published.
2016 – US primary elections: Nevada Republican Primary – Donald Trump wins with 45.9%.